Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins in the anus and lower rectum, similar to varicose veins. Hemorrhoids can develop inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids) or under the skin around the anus (external hemorrhoids).
Hemorrhoids are one of the most common causes of rectal bleeding and may be marked by pain or itching. If untreated, internal hemorrhoids can worsen, protruding from the anus.
Nearly three out of four adults will have hemorrhoids from time to time. Hemorrhoids have a number of causes, but often the cause is unknown.
The veins around your anus tend to stretch under pressure and may bulge or swell. Hemorrhoids can develop from increased pressure in the lower rectum due to:
Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids usually depend on the type of hemorrhoid.
These are under the skin around your anus. Signs and symptoms might include:
Internal hemorrhoids lie inside the rectum. You usually can’t see or feel them, and they rarely cause discomfort. But straining or irritation when passing stool can cause:
If blood pools in external hemorrhoid and forms a clot (thrombus), it can result in:
Your doctor might be able to see external hemorrhoids. Diagnosis of internal hemorrhoids might include an examination of your anal canal and rectum.
Your doctor will ask about your medical history and symptoms. They’ll probably need to do one or more of these examinations:
Colonoscopy: If your signs and symptoms suggest you might have another digestive system disease, if you have risk factors for colorectal cancer or you are middle-aged and haven’t had a recent colonoscopy, your doctor might want to examine your entire colon using colonoscopy.
Treatment of haemorrhoids involves a change of diet to prevent constipation and avoid further irritation, the use of topical medication, and sometimes surgery. Depending on the symptoms and severity of the haemorrhoids several treatments are available.
F Care Systems developed a safe and effective, minimally invasive technique to treat internal haemorrhoids with little or no post-operative pain, and immediate return to normal daily activities.
The Rafaelo® procedure uses the well-established radiofrequency technology, to treat all grades of internal haemorrhoids.
The area around the haemorrhoid is anaesthetised to avoid any discomfort. Radiofrequency energy is then applied to the haemorrhoid, reducing the blood flow to it, causing it to shrink and eventually disappear. Its effect is to reduce the symptoms to a normal level and to remove haemorrhoids.
The Rafaelo® procedure is quick and generally carried out under local anaesthesia and/or in an outpatient setting, allowing patients to walk in and walk out.